عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسندگان [English]چکیده [English]
This study aims to identify and rank the methods of financing universities. The present study is a combined method of mixed exploratory research projects that was conducted in two stages: qualitative and quantitative. In the qualitative stage, first, using qualitative group interview method, qualitative data were collected and based on them, the main areas of the research that were the financial resources of the university were identified. Then, a research design questionnaire was prepared and a descriptive-survey research method was considered to collect quantitative data. Accordingly, the present study in the first phase (qualitative phase) conducted a qualitative study and in this phase by reviewing and evaluating the studies and also in-depth interviews with experts in the field of financing, higher education economics and higher education management, the necessary information was collected. Sampling method at this stage was snowball sampling. After collecting the experts' answers and analyzing them, a list of indicators and components of each indicator regarding the pattern of financing methods in universities was extracted. Then, in the quantitative stage of the research, in order to evaluate and fit the proposed conceptual model, a researcher-made questionnaire was prepared based on the indicators and components of the model in the form of a 5-digit Ligert spectrum (from strongly disagree = 1 to strongly agree = 5). This questionnaire was given to a statistical population of 127 people who were randomly selected. In the second stage, in order to validate the identified financing methods, the exploratory factor analysis method was used. And screened model components and minor indicators were removed. As a result, after identifying the financing methods in order to prioritize these methods, fuzzy dimethyl methods and fuzzy network analysis were used. The result of this research is four main criteria and eighteen subsets of methods of financing universities that have been identified, ranked and proposed for implementation in the research process.